sexta-feira, 31 de outubro de 2014


Halloween (Halloween is the original name in the English language) is a traditional and cultural event that occurs in Anglo-Saxon countries, with special emphasis in the United States, Canada, Ireland and the UK, based on origin and celebrations of ancient peoples, and there sure precise references from which these celebrations emerged.

The word Halloween has origins in the Catholic Church.
It comes from a contracted tradition of November 1, the Day of All Saints, is a Catholic day of observance in honor of saints.
But in the fifth century AD, in Celtic Ireland, summer officially concluded on October 31.
The holiday was Samhain, the Celtic New Year.
Some witches believe that the origin of the name comes from the word "hallowinas" - the name given to female guardians of knowledge hidden from the northern lands (Scandinavia).

But scholars say that the word Halloween appeared as follows:

The name is actually a shortened form of "All Hallows 'Even" (Night of All Saints), the eve of All Saints (All Hallows' Day) version.
"Hallow" is an Old English word for "holy person" and the day of all the "holy people" is just another name for All Saints Day, the day when Catholics commemorate all the saints. Over time, people began referring to the night of All Saints Day, "All Hallows' Even" as "Hallowe'en" and then simply "Halloween".

Halloween marks the official end of summer and the beginning of the new year.
Also celebrates the end of the third and final harvest of the year, the beginning of the storage of provisions for the winter, the beginning of the return of herds from pasture and the renewal of its laws.

It was a party with several names: Samhain (summer's end), Samhein, La Samon, or, Fiesta del Sol.
But what stayed the same was the Scottish Hallowe'en.
One of the legends of Celtic origin says that the spirits of all who died during that year would come back in search of living to possess and use the body next year. The Celts believed to be the only chance in life after death.
The Celts believed all laws of space and time, allowing the spirit world to intermingle with the living.

Because living did not want to be possessed on the night of October 31, extinguished the torches and bonfires of their house so that they would become cold and unpleasant, costumes and noisily paraded placed around the neighborhood, being as destructive as possible, to frighten seeking bodies to possess, (Panati).
The Romans adopted the Celtic practices, but in the first century after Christ, they abandoned them.
Halloween was brought to America in 1840 by Irish immigrants fleeing famine in which their country was and started to be known as the "Halloween".

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